The terminal in your flavor of Linux comes with various useful commands to interact with your OS without a gui. In this post we will be providing a brief overview of practical & essential commands you can expect to use when working in a Linux environment. This list is intended to raise your awareness of useful commands in Linux. For more information on how to use a given command, you can reference an online version of man pages (manual pages) at https://linux.die.net/man/1/.
When navigating your file system from the terminal, use
cd to change directory, and
ls to list what is in that directory.
To move a file to another location or rename it, use the
mv command. Use
cp if you want to copy a file to another location. To delete a file or directory, you can use the
find command allows you to quickly find files on your system, while
grep provides the ability to search for specific content in files.
For networking queries, we can use
ifconfig to get the ip address bound to our interfaces. The
netstat command allows you to view connections and network status, an is useful for identifying open ports.
Sometimes a process is taking up too much memory and needs to be killed. If you want to see the list of processes spawned by the terminal currently running you can use
kill command lets you terminate the running process using its process id. You can use
top to view the resources (CPU/Memory) the processes running on your machine are taking, along with their process id.
If you need to display the contents of the file in the terminal itself, you can use
cat to print the entire contents to the screen. If you would like to see just the beginning or ending portions of the file, you can use
If you need to change the permissions of a given file (read/write/execute), you can change it with
For file compression on linux it is common to (un)compressed using files the
tar command, with the
.tar.gz extensions. You can use
zip to (un)compress
If you find yourself in need of an additional ‘screen’ to view/execute commands in, you can use the
The linux terminal is full of useful and powerful commands not mentioned in this article. If you want more information on a specific command cmd, try using the
man keyword to view the man pages on that command and determine how to properly use it.